Hydrocephalus is a medical condition which is characterised by an excess of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collecting on the ventricles in the brain. This fluid acts as a cushioning device and protects your brain from external injury. It also provides the brain with essential nutrients before it is reabsorbed into the blood, taking with it waste products. CSF usually flows freely through brain ventricles, but in the case of hydrocephalus, the flow is disrupted, resulting in a build-up of fluid which can place pressure on the brain. This can be due to age, tumours, strokes and trauma.
Treatment for hydrocephalus is usually by means of a VP shunt. Have a look under the procedures heading for a description of the procedure.
In certain cases depending on the exact position of the obstruction endoscopic procedures can be used. (Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV))